Japanese Encephalitis Vaccination: Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

What is Japanese Encephalitis (JE)?
Japanese Encephalitis (JE) is a viral infection transmitted by mosquitoes. It primarily affects the brain and can cause severe complications, including swelling of the brain (encephalitis), seizures, and in some cases, death. JE is most common in rural areas of Asia and the western Pacific regions.

Who should get vaccinated against Japanese Encephalitis?
The JE vaccine is recommended for:
- Travelers to JE-endemic areas who plan to spend a significant amount of time outdoors or in rural areas.
- Long-term travelers (staying for more than a month) in JE-endemic regions.
- Expatriates and frequent travelers to JE-endemic regions.
- Laboratory workers who might be exposed to the JE virus.

What vaccines are available for Japanese Encephalitis?
There are several types of JE vaccines available:
- **Inactivated Vero cell-derived vaccine (JE-VC)**: Commonly known as Ixiaro.
- **Live attenuated vaccine**: Commonly used in Asia.
- **Live recombinant vaccine**: Known as Imojev.

What is the vaccination schedule for Japanese Encephalitis?
For Ixiaro (JE-VC), the schedule typically involves:
- **Primary Series**: Two doses, with the second dose administered 28 days after the first.
- **Booster Dose**: For individuals at continued risk, a booster dose may be given 1-2 years after the primary series.

For live vaccines like Imojev, a single dose is often sufficient, but specific recommendations may vary based on regional guidelines.

Are there any side effects of the JE vaccine?
Common side effects include:
- Pain, redness, or swelling at the injection site.
- Fever.
- Headache.
- Muscle aches.

Serious side effects are rare but may include allergic reactions. It is important to inform the healthcare provider of any allergies or previous adverse reactions to vaccines.

How effective is the Japanese Encephalitis vaccine?
The JE vaccine is highly effective, with protection rates of over 90% after the completion of the primary vaccination series. Booster doses are recommended for continued protection in individuals at risk.

Can the JE vaccine be given with other vaccines?
Yes, the JE vaccine can often be administered alongside other vaccines. However, it is important to consult with a healthcare provider for personalized advice, especially if receiving multiple vaccines in a short period.

Who should not receive the JE vaccine?
The JE vaccine is not recommended for:
- Individuals with a severe allergic reaction to a previous dose of the JE vaccine or any component of the vaccine.
- Infants younger than 2 months old (for Ixiaro) or younger than 9 months old (for live vaccines).
- Pregnant or breastfeeding women, unless the potential benefits outweigh the risks.

What precautions should be taken after vaccination?
- Monitor for any side effects for a few days following vaccination.
- Avoid strenuous activities immediately after receiving the vaccine.
- Consult a healthcare provider if any severe reactions occur.

How long does the protection from the JE vaccine last?
The duration of protection varies depending on the vaccine type and individual response. A booster dose is often recommended 1-2 years after the primary series for continued protection in those at risk.

Where can I get vaccinated against Japanese Encephalitis?
JE vaccines are available from Wilberforce Pharmacy  travel clinic. It is advisable to schedule the vaccination well in advance of travel to allow enough time for the full vaccination series.

Additional Information
For more detailed and personalized information, please consult with our travel vaccination Pharmacist/Nurse specialist. They can provide guidance based on your specific travel plans, health status, and vaccination history.


Rabies Vaccination Service: Frequently Asked Questions FAQ

What is rabies and why is vaccination important?
**Rabies** is a deadly virus that affects the central nervous system of mammals, including humans. It is transmitted through the saliva of infected animals, often through bites. **Vaccination** is crucial because once symptoms appear, rabies is almost always fatal. Vaccinating can prevent the onset of the disease if administered promptly after exposure.

Who should get the rabies vaccine?
- **Pre-exposure**: Individuals at high risk of exposure, such as veterinarians, animal handlers, laboratory workers dealing with the rabies virus, and travelers to regions where rabies is common.
- **Post-exposure**: Anyone who has been bitten or scratched by an animal that may be rabid should receive the vaccine.

How is the rabies vaccine administered?
The rabies vaccine is typically given as a series of injections:
- **Pre-exposure**: Three doses given on days 0, 7, and 21 or 28.
- **Post-exposure**: If you've never been vaccinated, you will receive four doses on days 0, 3, 7, and 14, along with rabies immune globulin on day 0. If you have been previously vaccinated, you will need two doses on days 0 and 3.

What are the potential side effects of the rabies vaccine?
Common side effects include:
- Soreness, redness, or swelling at the injection site
- Headache
- Nausea
- Abdominal pain
- Muscle aches
- Dizziness

Serious side effects are rare but can include severe allergic reactions.

How effective is the rabies vaccine?
The rabies vaccine is highly effective when administered correctly. Pre-exposure vaccination provides excellent protection for those at risk, and post-exposure prophylaxis is nearly 100% effective in preventing the disease if given promptly and correctly.

What should I do if I am exposed to a potentially rabid animal?
Immediately wash the wound with soap and water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention as soon as possible to evaluate the need for post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP), which includes the rabies vaccine and possibly rabies immune globulin.

How can I make an appointment for a rabies vaccination at Wilberforce Pharmacy?
You can make an appointment by:
- Calling our pharmacy at 0148217494
- Visiting our website at wilberforcepharmacy.co.uk
- Walking in during our business hours and speaking with our pharmacist

What should I bring to my vaccination appointment?
Please bring:
- A valid ID
- Your medical history, including any allergies
- Information about the exposure incident (if applicable)

Does NHS cover the cost of rabies vaccination?
The pre-exposure vaccination is not available on the NHS and is only available as a private service. Some A&E departments might administered post exposure vaccination on the NHS.  Wilberforce Pharmacy also offers competitive pricing.

Can I receive other vaccinations at the same time as the rabies vaccine?
Yes, you can receive other vaccinations concurrently with the rabies vaccine. Inform the pharmacist about any other vaccines you plan to receive so they can schedule and administer them safely.

Are there any contraindications for receiving the rabies vaccine?
Individuals with a history of severe allergic reactions to any component of the rabies vaccine should not receive it. Pregnant or breastfeeding women should consult with their healthcare provider before getting vaccinated.

Where can I find more information about rabies and the rabies vaccine?
You can visit reputable sources such as:
- NHS websites
- The World Health Organization (WHO) website
- Our knowledgeable pharmacists at Wilberforce Pharmacy are also available to answer any questions you may have.

For further assistance or to schedule your vaccination, please contact Wilberforce Pharmacy at 01482217494.